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BEA’s Latest FDI Data (Again) Confirms It: There’s No Better Place to Invest and Do Business Than the United States

December 12, 2019

Kara Mazachek is an Economic Research Analyst at SelectUSA

As we approach the end of 2019, we’re reflecting on the positive state of foreign direct investment (FDI) in the United States. The most recent data update from the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) was great news for economic growth and FDI’s important role in the U.S. economy.

By the end of 2017, 7.4 million workers were employed by majority foreign-owned firms in the United States, a 2.8 percent increase from 2016.[1] This accounts for nearly six percent of all private-sector employment in the United States and approximately seven percent of total U.S. business-sector GDP. Despite the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development’s (UNCTAD’s) World Investment Report finding the third consecutive annual decline in global FDI flows in 2018 – down 13 percent from $1.5 trillion to $1.3 trillion – the United States has consistently remained the largest recipient of FDI in the world. These data points further confirm that the United States is and will continue to be the best place to invest and do business.

The benefits don’t stop there. FDI accounted for 16.4 percent ($258.6 billion) of total U.S. private business capital expenditures in 2017. Foreign-owned companies also increased their U.S. R&D spending by 8.1 percent to $62.6 billion and accounted for a quarter ($382.7 billion) of total U.S. goods exports in 2017. These firms’ value-add to U.S. GDP increased by more than eight percent to $1 trillion in 2017 alone.

Specifically, the three global markets that contribute the most to FDI-supported employment in the United States are the United Kingdom, Japan, and Germany, which is not surprising as these markets historically are among those with the most FDI stock in the United States and are also among the largest economies in the world. At the national level, the states with the highest percentage of FDI-supported employment are Kentucky, South Carolina, and New Jersey, where over eight percent of employment is supported by foreign-owned firms. In all three states, those firms employed the most workers in the manufacturing industry.

So, what can we expect in 2020? UNCTAD reports that greenfield project announcements were up 41 percent in 2018, indicating forward investing plans. Further, the FDI Confidence Index estimates the United States will attract the most investment in the next three years due to our large domestic market, continued economic expansion, and technological and innovative capabilities. Again, this confirms what we already know, which is that the United States has the right mix of talent and innovation for companies to thrive in a competitive global economy. To ensure this trend continues, SelectUSA will continue to support business investment in the United States and work to give global business investors and U.S. economic developers the information and tools they need to succeed in the U.S. economy.

Stay Current on FDI
Keep your eye out for BEA’s next FDI data release in July 2020 that will provide  new investment opportunities in the United States. For more information on FDI in the United States, sign up for email updates from SelectUSA and visit SelectUSA.gov for resources such as FDI fact sheetsinteractive data tools, and informative reports. You can also follow and contribute to our #FDIintheUSA campaign on Twitter!

About SelectUSA
Housed within the U.S. Department of Commerce’s International Trade Administration, SelectUSA promotes and facilitates business investment in the United States. To learn more about SelectUSA’s services, the U.S. business and investment climate, and how FDI benefits the U.S. economy, visit selectusa.gov and follow @SelectUSA on Twitter.

[1] Latest available data

 

 

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FDI in Agribusiness: Feeding the U.S. Economy

November 21, 2019

Kimberly Aagaard is a Research Analyst at SelectUSA

In honor of Thanksgiving and the recent addition of the agribusiness industry page to the SelectUSA website, it is a great time to look at how foreign direct investment (FDI) in agribusiness helps support feasts and festivities around the country.

What is agribusiness?
By SelectUSA’s definition, the agribusiness industry is made up of establishments engaging in livestock, crop production, forestry, aquaculture and fishing, hunting, and agricultural chemical manufacturing.*

What has FDI contributed to the U.S. agribusiness industry?
Recently, SelectUSA worked with Charoen Pokphand Group (CP Group), a 98-year-old Thai company, to help the company establish a U.S. subsidiary called Homegrown Shrimp USA, LLC. The company announced earlier this year that it will produce shrimp with a focus on nutrition and sustainability and invest approximately $6.6 million in a recirculating farm outside of West Palm Beach, Florida. In addition to investing in the community and producing a more reliable supply of seafood, Homegrown Shrimp USA will use innovative aquaculture technology in its land-based farm. CP Group has also undertaken efforts to collaborate on research with the University of Florida’s Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences.

Looking at the national level, the agribusiness industry’s FDI position in the United States was valued at $14.1 billion in 2018, according to the Bureau of Economic Analysis. In 2016, agribusiness FDI also supported an estimated 14,700 U.S. jobs, $114 million worth of research and development spending, and over $1.1 billion in U.S. exports!

According to fDi Markets, announced FDI greenfield projects in the U.S. agribusiness industry have totaled approximately $3.3 billion in the past five years. Pesticides, fertilizers, and other agricultural chemicals made up the largest agribusiness sub-sector by announced capital investment from September 2014 to August 2019 (over $1.9 billion).

In the past five years, the top sources of U.S. agribusiness greenfield projects by announced capital investment are Norway ($809.7 million), Germany ($674.3 million), Hong Kong ($373.4 million), Canada ($372.5 million), and Brazil ($259.6 million). In addition, Germany was the largest source market by number of projects (22) and by estimated jobs created (1,913) from September 2014 to August 2019.

Norway was the top source market of U.S. agribusiness FDI in the past five years.
Investors from the top 10 source markets announced a total of $3.1 billion in greenfield capital investment in U.S. agribusiness between September 2014 and August 2019.

Chart for FDI in Agribusiness 112119

 

Agribusiness FDI in the United States not only brings investment and new jobs to our communities; it also brings us the delicious products of those investments. As Thanksgiving approaches, SelectUSA is grateful for all FDI, especially that of the agribusiness industry.

To learn more about how SelectUSA supports FDI in all industries, sign up for our email updates and visit SelectUSA.gov for resources such as FDI fact sheetsinteractive data tools, and informative reports. You can also follow and contribute to our #FDIintheUSA campaign on Twitter!

About SelectUSA
Housed within the U.S. Department of Commerce’s International Trade Administration, SelectUSA promotes and facilitates business investment in the United States.

*SelectUSA categorizes agricultural machinery in the machinery and equipment industry and categorizes food processing in the consumer goods industry

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Innovative Customs Procedures in Laredo, Texas Accelerate U.S. Exports to Mexico

November 18, 2019

Last month, from October 16-17, industry leaders and officials from the U.S. Department of Commerce’s International Trade Administration (ITA) traveled to Laredo, Texas, one of the premier cities for U.S.-Mexico trade.

With over $100 billion in U.S. exports processed in 2018 alone, customs officials on both sides of the border face increasing demands to perform efficient and effective inspections. The Laredo International Airport has seized upon this growing commercial opportunity by innovating their customs process and establishing a unique bi-national inspection facility in 2013. ITA’s Advisory Committee on Supply Chain Competitiveness (ACSCC) had the privilege of touring and learning more about this facility and its achievements over the past several years.

ACSCC-ITA oustide Laredo Airport Inspection Station 110819

Members of the ACSCC and ITA toured the Laredo airport’s Federal Inspection Station and met with U.S. and Mexican customs officials

 The Federal Inspection Station at the Laredo airport, the first of its kind, houses both U.S. Customs and Border Patrol (CBP) and Mexican customs officials (Servicio de Administración Tributaria, or SAT), who jointly perform inspection checks on U.S. exports within a single facility. With goods examined by both agencies in one location, U.S. exports can have expedited entry into airports in eight Mexican cities, allowing for uninterrupted delivery within Mexico. Cargo cleared at this facility can be immediately released to the importer in Mexico with no pauses at customs in these Mexican airports.

Elizabeth Merritt, Managing Director for Cargo Services at Airlines for America and ACSCC member, highlighted the importance of streamlined customs procedures to U.S. industries and value chains saying, “by leveraging a bilateral customs partnership, the Laredo airport boosts the competitiveness of the North American supply chain while maximizing the limited resources of all stakeholders to ensure trade compliance.”

The joint inspection process helps American companies avoid production delays by reducing the amount of time it takes to receive necessary parts and is especially critical for just-in-time deliveries. “Our largest trading partner in the United States is Mexico, so the ability to quickly clear expedited exports heading to that country is essential,” said Brandon Fried, Executive Director of The Airforwarders Association and member of the ACSCC.

Establishing this customs facility was no easy feat. Its creation required both a passage of a law in Mexico’s Congress of the Union and an amendment to the Mexican Constitution, but it was well worth the effort. Today, the Laredo International Airport features the only bi-national federal inspection station in the United States and is the only airport that has approval by the Mexican government to pre-inspect air cargo bound for delivery in Mexico.

Currently this accelerated customs treatment is available for products in the automotive,aerospace, and electronics industries. Importers, shippers, and other logistics companies can also benefit from round-the-clock service from the customs officials, as Laredo has the only airport on the southern border with U.S. customs open 24 hours a day, seven days a week.

During their visit to the facility, members of the ACSCC, all experts in the policies and logistics surrounding U.S. supply chains, received a presentation on the Federal Inspection Station’s activities and spoke with both U.S. and Mexican customs officials to better understand their joint procedures.

“Witnessing the high level of cooperation and information sharing between the U.S. and Mexican customs authorities at the Laredo Airport Federal Inspection Station was an eye-opening experience, showing how such international joint efforts can streamline the border clearance process,” said Michal Mullen, Executive Director of the Express Association of America and ACSCC member. “The trade community has long desired to have this kind of international ‘single window’ operating on the border, and we hope the process will be expanded to more air and land crossing points in the near future.”

ACSCC member at Mexican and US border official 110819

ACSCC member Brandon Fried with a Mexican customs official and a U.S. CBP agent.

Mr. Fried also expressed hopes for the future activities of this bi-national facility saying, “my organization is pleased to see Mexican customs officials working alongside their CBP counterparts at Laredo International Airport. Their joint presence under the same roof enables easy preclearance on air export shipments destined for several manufacturing centers throughout Mexico. We look forward to the program’s continued success and hope to see similar arrangements at other U.S. airports in the future.”

Looking forward, the officials based at the Federal Inspection Station see room for growth, especially as approval of the U.S.-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA) could lead to a surge in trade between the neighboring countries. CBP and SAT officials expressed their desire to grow awareness of their collaborative program and to expand the list of qualified products for inspection. Experts from the Laredo airport have already been invited to pilot similar programs at other airports in the United States, and customs agents believe the joint facility is prepared to handle greater volumes of U.S. exports in the future. This innovative, bi-national process can serve as a model to other ports and cities seeking to expedite inspections for the benefit of U.S. industry.

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America Welcomes the World’s Business

November 12, 2019

By Secretary of Commerce Wilbur Ross

America is where the world does business. It is not difficult to see why: companies expanding here will find a culture of innovation, dedication to hard work, and a high quality of life. From its inception. it has been the job of SelectUSA to encourage companies to benefit from these unmatched and unparalleled advantages the U.S. has to offer.

More formally put, the mission of SelectUSA is to facilitate job-creating business investment into the United States and raise awareness of the critical role that economic development plays in the U.S. economy. One of the primary avenues where this mission is accomplished is through the annual SelectUSA Investment Summit.

Today, I am pleased to announce that registration is open for the 2020 SelectUSA Investment Summit — where companies looking to invest in the United States can learn the skills and make the connections to fuel their business’ growth in America. In 2020, the Investment Summit will take place June 1-3, at the Washington Hilton, in Washington, D.C.

Year after year, the Investment Summit buzzes with energy, creating an environment of entrepreneurship, excitement, and potential. Thousands of people from all over the world come here to gain insight into the business environment, learn of industry trends, and bring business deals to fruition. International delegates connect with economic development organizations (EDOs), all of whom can showcase the unique resources of their states and towns, while service providers exhibit the variety of assistance they can offer to expanding companies.

SWR Ivanka Barbara Humpton -SUSA 2019 registration 1101219

The 2019 SelectUSA Investment Summit welcomed more than 3,100 attendees, including global business leaders, U.S. economic development professionals, and leaders from the top of the U.S. government. Pictured here are Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross, Advisor to the President Ivanka Trump, and Siemens USA CEO Barbara Humpton.

Additionally, our Academy sessions demystify the process of investing in the United States. Topics range from understanding how to finance a startup company to navigating the U.S. visa process. These sessions are planned with our attendees’ interests in mind, as we accept proposals for topics and speakers to include on the agenda.

The 2019 Investment Summit was the most successful to date, where more than 1,200 international delegates connected with nearly 800 EDO representatives and 300 service providers from nearly every state and territory in the U.S. The Investment Summit has directly impacted more than $32.5 billion in U.S. investment projects supporting more than 38,400 U.S. jobs. At the recent 2019 Investment Summit, four investment announcements were made with a value of nearly $100 million, which will in turn create new jobs for American workers. We hope to build upon these successes.

In 2020, we are excited to help you and your company reach its full potential in the United States at the SelectUSA Investment Summit.

I hope to see you there.

Click here to apply.

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The International Trade Administration’s Advisory Committee Gets Firsthand Look at Supply Chain Competitiveness in Laredo, Texas

November 7, 2019

By Rachel Minogue, International Trade Specialist in the Office of Supply Chain, Professional and Business Services

Last month, members of the International Trade Administration’s (ITA) Advisory Committee on Supply Chain Competitiveness (ACSCC) embarked on a tour of the commercial activities at the U.S.-Mexico border in Laredo, Texas on October 16-17.

In March of this year, Laredo rose to become the largest port, or commercial hub, in the United States. Laredo is setting impressive records in recent years with over $100 billion in U.S. exports processed in 2018, a first for any U.S. port. As leading professional and academic experts in value chains, ACSCC members were eager to witness the impressive supply chain efficiencies at work in Laredo’s customs district, which handles over one-third of all U.S. trade with Mexico.

ACSCC train shot Laredo blog 110719

ACSCC members outside Kansas City Southern’s historic Southern Belle passenger train

During the Laredo visit, Committee Members participated in a three-hour rail trip on a
Kansas City Southern (KCS) train, showcasing the role of transportation in the supply chain and its importance to bilateral trade.

Kansas City Southern President and CEO Patrick Ottensmeyer stressed the importance of U.S.-Mexico commercial ties for the rail industry, stating that “Kansas City Southern sees significant new opportunities for growth in trade between the United States and Mexico, including increased exports from the United States of commodities that are much needed and desired in Mexico.”

In addition, the group toured Werner Enterprises, the largest cross-border transportation provider to and from Mexico, and the federal inspection stations for U.S. Customs and Border Patrol at both the World Trade Bridge and the Laredo International Airport.

The structures in place for processing and innovating U.S. and Mexican customs procedures at the border impressed many members of the ACSCC. This includes Elizabeth Merritt, Managing Director of Cargo Services at Airlines for America, who added, “we strongly support the cargo pre-clearance initiative at the Laredo Airport, which leverages the bilateral customs partnership between the U.S. and Mexico, streamlines the movement of American exports, and boosts the competitiveness of the North American supply chain while maximizing resources to ensure trade compliance. As a large amount of air freight also begins or ends with a road transport segment, we also support the truck pre-clearance work being done at the World Trade Bridge.”

Patric at ACSCC 101619

Commerce’s Patrick Wilson  (left) and KCS’ Brian Hancock at IBC Headquarters.

While in Laredo, the ACSCC also held its quarterly meeting, which included discussions on the benefits of the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA). The meetings were hosted by the International Bank of Commerce (IBC), headquartered in Laredo. The Department of Commerce’s Office of Business Liaison Director Patrick Wilson, led ITA’s delegation to Laredo and highlighted the prospective importance of USMCA to the ACSCC members, emphasizing, “once approved by Congress, the USMCA will rebalance trade on our continent to once again benefit American producers by eliminating red tape at the border that often hinders small- and medium-sized businesses.”

Mr. Ottensmeyer seconded the need for congressional passage of USMCA, as he stated that “approval of USMCA is essential to provide clarity and structure to support investment and growth in commodities throughout the United States. This investment and growth will benefit both countries, creating jobs and economic growth on both sides of the border.”

The ACSCC is tasked with providing detailed advice to Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross on national freight infrastructure policy to support U.S. supply chain and export competitiveness.  As part of their mission, the ACSCC visits areas of supply chain importance to better understand their activities across the United States. Previous visits include the Port of Los Angeles, in California; the UPS headquarters in Louisville, Kentucky; the Boeing manufacturing plant in Seattle, Washington; and the Port of Houston, in Texas.

For more information on the International Trade Administration’s Advisory Committee on Supply Chain Competitiveness, please visit our website.

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Richmond, Virginia: Providing a Soft Landing Since 1607

October 29, 2019

This post contains external links. Please review our external linking policy.

The Greater Richmond Partnership, Inc. (GRP) is the lead regional economic development organization for the City of Richmond and the counties of Chesterfield, Hanover and Henrico in Virginia.

This post is part of SelectUSA’s EDO Spotlight series, highlighting the work of EDOs around the country recruiting foreign direct investment, how that work supports jobs and economic growth across the United States, and how SelectUSA partners with EDOs to support economic development.

You could say that the first foreign direct investment occurred in 1607 when English settlers founded the Richmond Region in Virginia. Soon thereafter the nation’s first hospital was built, the first university was chartered, and the first ironworks were established.

Richmond VA guest blog 102919

Photo via Creative Dog Media

Today, the Richmond Region is home to more than 220 international firms from 26 countries employing 24,600 residents. From advanced manufacturing to supply chain and finance to technology, international firms love the region’s quality of life and affordable business costs.

The biggest challenge for international companies is finding the right location and much like explorers John Smith and Christopher Newport, businesses are still finding their way to the Greater Richmond Region:

  • Sabra Dipping Company operates the world’s largest hummus factory in the region.
  • A locally-based Rolls-Royce manufacturing facility anchored two suppliers, Erodex and Pryor Technology. The two UK-headquartered companies were seeking to improve existing customer relations while expanding its offerings.
  • German company iMPREG Group expanded its operations with a North American headquarters.
  • Polykon Manufacturing, a joint venture between two Air Liquide entities (France), is completing its $60 million facility to produce consumer cosmetics.
  • ERNI Electronics, Inc., a Swiss-based manufacturer of electrical connectors for the automotive, medical, and communications fields, is investing $25 million to establish a new 80,000-square-foot facility.

The United States is the largest economy in the world, so opportunities abound for new businesses. However, most of our clients are adapting from their home market with different business cultures, systems and regulations. GRP encourages international firms to maximize their efforts and resources by taking advantage of expert advice and doing things right the first time. When a company visits the Richmond Region, GRP schedules an itinerary loaded with meetings with industry leaders, local partners and service providers.

GRP’s Global Assistance Program is a one-stop shop designed to provide these essential connections for firms exploring opportunities in the U.S. market. Our roster of referral partners and experienced professionals have a proven track record with international businesses. Company information is always kept confidential and the first meeting with any of our partners is complimentary and without obligation. Available services, include legal advice, , financing, development and real estate, insurance, and marketing.

But don’t take our word for it. In fact, many of GRP’s former clients have served as the best salespeople for the Richmond Region. Several firms even serve on GRP’s International Advisory Committee, which provides valuable expertise and insight for companies considering the U.S. market.

It’s a lot easier following an expert’s map than stumbling through unchartered territory.

For more information on GRP, please visit the organization’s website at grpva.com.

About SelectUSA

Housed within the U.S. Department of Commerce’s International Trade Administration, SelectUSA promotes and facilitates business investment in the United States.

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Key Takeaways from BEA’s Latest FDI Data

October 22, 2019

Kimberly Aagard is a Research Analyst at SelectUSA

With the latest update of the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) foreign direct investment (FDI) data recently released, the Investment Research team at SelectUSA couldn’t resist an opportunity to delve into the numbers and to follow up from our colleague’s previous post.

In 2018, the inward position of FDI in the United States totaled $4.3 trillion, which was an increase of eight percent from 2017. [Note: This statistic measures investment from the foreign ultimate beneficial owners (UBOs) that drive the decision to invest in the United States.] Over the past five years, the compound annual growth rate of the inward FDI position in the United States has been a strong 9.8 percent.

The largest six markets by UBO maintained their 2017 rankings of FDI position into the United States in 2018: in order, the United Kingdom ($597.2 billion), Canada ($588.4 billion), Japan ($488.7 billion), Germany ($474.5 billion), Ireland ($385.3 billion), and France ($326.4 billion). Together, these markets were the ultimate point of origin for more than 65 percent of all FDI in the United States – almost $2.9 trillion!

top 6 sources of US FDI 102219

Many of the markets that are the largest sources of FDI into the United States also have FDI positions that are growing quickly. Belgium, Bermuda, Canada, China, Ireland, and South Korea are among both the top 15 largest and the top 15 fastest-growing sources of FDI in the United States by position. In addition, Argentina, the fastest-growing market for FDI in the United States in 2018, had a compound annual growth rate from 2013 to 2018 of 57.9 percent! [Note: The metric for the fastest-growing sources of FDI ranks only markets with 2018 FDI stock in the United States valued at least $1 billion.]

world map for BES-FDI Data Blog 102219

Source: SelectUSA calculations based on FDI data from the Bureau of Economic Analysis. www.bea.gov Accessed October 2019.

While the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) found that global FDI flows continued to decline from 2017 to 2018, the United States retained its dominant position as the top destination worldwide for FDI in 2018. Annual flows can fluctuate from year to year; however, FDI flows (which are measured by foreign parent instead of UBO) into the United States still totaled more than $250 billion in 2018.

When examining the FDI position in the United States by industry of the U.S. affiliate, the share of the position of each industry remained largely similar from 2017 to 2018. The manufacturing sector continued to make up the largest share, at almost 41 percent of the total FDI position in the United States in 2018. However, retail trade had the largest year-over-year growth in its position among industries from 2017 to 2018 (67.2 percent), followed by the real estate and rental and leasing sector (42.4 percent).

In 2018, manufacturing also made up the largest industry sector of FDI coming to the United States from almost all regions of the world: Europe, Asia and Pacific, Canada, Latin America, and the Middle East. The only region where manufacturing was not the largest sector of FDI was Africa, for which data on manufacturing FDI was suppressed.

BEA FDI blog-Position of FDI graphic 102219

Source: Bureau of Economic Analysis. www.bea.gov Accessed October 2019.

Stay Current on FDI
If you’d like more information about this latest release, SelectUSA recently hosted a webinar with BEA experts to discuss the data. You can find a recording of that webinar here.

Keep your eyes open for BEA’s next data release on FDI topics in November: the Activities of U.S. Affiliates of Foreign Multinational Enterprises (MNEs) series, which indicates the number of U.S. jobs, the level of spending on research and development (R&D), and the value of U.S. exports supported by FDI in the United States.

For more information on FDI in the United States, sign up for email updates from SelectUSA and visit SelectUSA.gov for resources such as FDI fact sheetsinteractive data tools, and informative reports. You can also follow and contribute to our #FDIintheUSA campaign on Twitter!

 About SelectUSA
Housed within the U.S. Department of Commerce’s International Trade Administration, SelectUSA promotes and facilitates business investment in the United States.

This post contains external links. Please review our external linking policy.

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The Intersection of Manufacturing & FDI: Job Creation

October 4, 2019

SelectUSA’s Investment Research Team works to create an environment where data inspires, supports, and informs investment policy and promotion.

This Manufacturing Day we are highlighting the positive impact of investors in manufacturing. Whether a business decides to expand existing operations in the United States, or a new international investor opens a manufacturing plant for the first time, U.S. communities reap rewards. These benefits can be seen in stories across the country.

Re-selecting the USA
Earlier this year, SelectUSA released a report titled Reinvesting in the USA: A Case Study of Reshoring and Expanding in the United States. It profiled six examples of U.S.-based businesses that chose to reshore or expand operations in the United States rather than abroad. Each of these companies had a positive impact on the U.S. workers they employed and the communities surrounding them – the kind of real-world details about manufacturing that can often get lost in macroeconomic analysis.

Companies such as Sherrill Manufacturing support U.S. jobs with their dedication to manufacturing in the United States. Between 2013 and 2014, Sherrill reshored its entire operation from Mexico to a facility in upstate New York. Sherrill’s “factory-to-table” model not only allows consumers to purchase directly from the manufacturer, but also enabled the company to more than double manufacturing employment at its New York facility. Today, Sherrill Manufacturing employs more than 50 workers.

Sherrill’s investment also supports a historic manufacturing community in upstate New York, ranging from suppliers who provide the company with U.S.-made steel to small businesses that serve manufacturing workers, such as the local pizza parlor. By choosing to reinvest in the United States, Sherrill Manufacturing has helped strengthen the local manufacturing industry, enhancing employment and the economic gains that accompany it.

The Bigger Picture: FDI in U.S. Manufacturing
It is also useful to look at the macroeconomic data on manufacturing investment in the United States. Our colleagues at the Bureau of Economic Analysis provide robust data on foreign direct investment (FDI) in the United States each year. In 2018, investment in the manufacturing sector represented 41 percent of the total FDI position in the United States, up from 32 percent in 2008. With a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 13 percent during the last five years, FDI in U.S. manufacturing is outpacing the all-industry comparable CAGR of 10 percent economy-wide growth. This increased representation of manufacturing in the U.S. FDI portfolio speaks to U.S. manufacturing competitiveness in the global economy.

FDI has an undeniable impact on the U.S. economy and U.S. workers. According to the latest available data, FDI directly supported nearly 2.5 million manufacturing jobs in 2016. This means that investment by foreign-owned firms in the United States was responsible for 20 percent of all U.S. manufacturing employment that year.

Of all source markets in 2016, Japan supported the largest number of jobs in the manufacturing industry (approximately 397,000), followed by Germany (287,800), the United Kingdom (275,600), and France (213,300). Of the FDI in manufacturing subsectors, transportation equipment supported the most jobs (509,900), followed by chemical manufacturing (364,400), and food manufacturing (301,000).

Where is manufacturing FDI going in the United States?
FDI in the manufacturing industry supports jobs in all U.S. states, territories, and the District of Columbia. Not surprisingly, the states with the highest levels of employment supported by manufacturing FDI are some of the most populous in the nation: California (where approximately 200,000 FDI manufacturing jobs are supported – the highest total of any state) and Texas (181,500).

In addition, manufacturing FDI is responsible for a significant component of overall employment resulting from FDI. In 10 states, the majority of FDI-supported jobs are in the manufacturing sector, with the highest percentage in South Dakota (66 percent of jobs supported by FDI resulting from the manufacturing sector), Michigan (64 percent), and Nebraska (63 percent).

Percentage of FDI Employment in Manufacturing 2016

Graphic for SUSA Mfg Blog 100219
Data Source: Bureau of Economic Analysis. Accessed 9/2019.

On a regional basis, the total employment resulting from FDI in manufacturing was highest in the Southeast (698,500) and the Great Lakes (590,900). However, the average employment level of a Great Lakes state resulting from manufacturing FDI was more than twice as high as that in a Southeast state (118,180 on average in a Great Lakes state compared to 58,208 in a Southeast state). As a result, more than 51 percent of all FDI-supported employment in the Great Lakes was in the manufacturing sector.

SelectUSA Loves Manufacturing in the United States
Whether you’re looking at a favorite local restaurant’s day-to-day business or state-level economies, domestic manufacturing’s contributions cannot be understated. Both the FDI of international companies in the United States and the reinvestment efforts of domestic firms provide this key support. On this Manufacturing Day, we’d like to applaud them and the hardworking U.S. workers they employ!

For more information
For more information on FDI in the United States, sign up for email updates from SelectUSA and visit SelectUSA.gov for resources such as FDI fact sheetsinteractive data tools, and informative reports. You can also follow and contribute to our #FDIintheUSA campaign on Twitter!

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Privacy Shield and GDPR

October 1, 2019

by Alex Greenstein, Privacy Shield Director

In April 2016, the European Union (EU) replaced its 1995 Data Protection Directive with the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR). As companies in the EU and beyond review their data protection policies to ensure compliance with this law, many are asking how GDPR impacts the three-year-old EU-U.S. Privacy Shield Framework.

Background on GDPR
Effective May 2018, GDPR governs the commercial use of the personal data, requiring companies to follow certain data protection practices.American And European Union Flag Pair On A Desk Over Defocused Background

The regulation applies to all EU-based companies, as well as companies outside the EU that receive EU personal data in offering goods and services or in monitoring EU individuals’ behavior. GDPR also governs the transfer of EU personal data to companies outside the EU.

GDPR has garnered a great deal of attention globally and has incentivized many companies to review and update their privacy and cross border data flow policies. The International Trade Administration at the U.S. Department of Commerce engages regularly with the U.S. business community to promote wider awareness of the GDPR’s new requirements. ITA’s Office of Digital Services Industries (ODSI) has also partnered with the U.S. Commercial Service team at the U.S. Mission to the European Union in outreach efforts.

For additional information about GDPR, click here.

 Relationship with Privacy Shield
Privacy Shield is not a GDPR compliance mechanism, but rather a means that enables participating companies to meet the EU requirements for transferring personal data to third countries, as discussed in Chapter V of the GDPR.

GDPR’s Article 45 explicitly provides for the continuity of prior European Commission (EC) adequacy determinations, like the adequacy decision regarding Privacy Shield adopted by the Commission in July 2016, under the 1995 Data Protection Directive. Accordingly, the EC’s adequacy determination for Privacy Shield remains valid under the GDPR.

Negotiators from both the U. S. Government and the European Commission accounted for the GDPR’s new substantive and procedural requirements as they developed the Privacy Shield Framework in 2016. Privacy Shield’s joint annual review, for example, was designed to satisfy the GDPR requirement for review of European Commission adequacy determinations once every four years. Privacy Shield’s annual review exceeds this requirement.

In addition, the Privacy Shield Framework created the Ombudsperson mechanism, which provides an unprecedented new channel for EU and Swiss individuals to seek an independent review regarding national security access to personal data transferred to the United States. This mechanism applies not only to data transferred pursuant to the Privacy Shield Framework, but also to other EU-approved data transfer mechanisms, such as Standard Contractual Clauses and Binding Corporate Rules, further enabling transatlantic commerce while protecting privacy.

To learn more about the Privacy Shield Frameworks, visit www.privacyshield.gov and check out our two-pager here.

The Privacy Shield Team is part of the Office of Digital Services Industries (ODSI) in the International Trade Administration (ITA) at the U.S. Department of Commerce. ODSI promotes privacy policy frameworks that facilitate the free flow of data across borders, leads policy discussions on privacy with international partners, and addresses trade and commercial issues on evolving information and communications technology (ICT) services. It operates within ITA’s Industry & Analysis business unit, which helps to create the conditions for U.S. industry to innovate and compete globally.

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Business Incentives Continue to Play a Key Role in U.S. FDI Leadership

September 17, 2019

SelectUSA is a program led by the U.S. Department of Commerce that facilitates and promotes job-creating business investment into the United States

Global companies are drawn to the United States for many reasons: a highly productive and educated workforce, low-cost supply of energy, direct access to the world’s most robust capital markets, and mucmoreBut how much of our nation’s continued success in this arena should be attributed to incentives given to businesses by state and local governments? They receive a great deal of attention, but how much do companies actually consider incentives when determining where to invest?

Business executives are quite forthcoming with answers to the question. Many of the companies that SelectUSA has assisted have made it clear: incentives are a very important consideration, but not the most important one. Companies consider a mix of variables and factors: costs, location, supply chains, ease of doing business, etc. Consistently, the United States stands out as the best place to do business.SelectUSA_FullColor-hires_575 (002)

The United States has topped the A.T. Kearney FDI Confidence Index seven years in a row. The Index, a survey of global CEOs’ confidence in the world’s markets, highlights the top factors considered in business expansion and how markets stack up. In 2019, pro-business regulations, competitive tax rates, and economic expansion helped lead to another year of U.S. leadership in international investment. But economic incentives were also ranked among the top of the list of considerations.

State and local governments create incentives packages for companies in order to attract investment and create job opportunities in their local areas. Often given on the basis of job creation or economic impact, incentives can include grants, loans, tax and job training subsidies. These incentive packages can sometimes total in the millions or billions of dollars, but their size is contingent on the magnitude of the proposed business project. The federal government also offers a wide array of incentives, from clean energy production tax credits to export credit insurance for small businesses.

The investment process itself can seem complicated, and many companies don’t know where to start. Luckily SelectUSA is here to help companies navigate the process and connect with the right resources and incentives at the local level. Visit selectusa.gov to learn more. The United States is open for your business.